General Information of Sri Lanka


Sri Lanka, or the official name. The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, near the southeastern coast of the Indian subcontinent. It was formerly known as the Continent, Sinhalese, and Ceylon, a name used in the colonial period 1974 and the name is still used on occasion. The current name is Sri Lanka. Affected by the battle Intergovernmental The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which had a ceasefire agreement in early 2002.

Brief History Sinhalese from southern India settled in Sri Lanka. In the late 6th century BC Buddhism began to spread in Sri Lanka in the middle of the third century BC for civilization in this land was born into a city. About 200 BC, by the 14th century, a South Indian dynasty took power in the northern part of the island. And established the kingdom of Tamil. Sri Lanka was occupied by Portugal in the 16th century and was occupied by the Dutch in the 17th century. Finally, it was completely under British control. In 1815, Sri Lanka gained its independence in 1948 and changed its name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka in 1972.

The conflict between the Sinhalese people Most of the Tamil separatist groups erupted into war in 1983, because Tamils ​​wanted to rule themselves. Thousands of people died. Due to the clash between these two groups. The fighting was carried out two decades later. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) reached a ceasefire agreement in February 2002. Norway was the mediator of the negotiations.

The capital is Colombo, a major city. Candy is a major city. There is a relic of the Lord Buddha (Phra Kaew) and the ancient Phra Si Maha Pho. Rattanapura is a famous city in the region of Sri Lanka.

Climate Lowland The climate of Colombo is about 27 degrees Celsius in the high plateau. The temperature can drop to 16 degrees Celsius from a mountain that is 2,000 meters above sea level. Sunny day Sri Lankan Airspace The southeast monsoon brings rain from May to July and blows northwestward. South and Central Northern and eastern regions are influenced by the northeast monsoon in December to Jan.

Sri Lanka nationality are as Sinhalese (74 percent), Tamil (8 percent), Moore (Muslims from India and Middle East), 7 percent, and others, Burger, Wade, and Malay. Also, language are Sinhalese language Tamil (in national language as well) and English in general use in the public sector of Sri Lanka.

Religion mostly are Buddhism, 70 percent Hindu, 7 percent Christian, 6 percent Islam, 7 percent and other 10 percent. Sri Lanka National Day (Independence Day) is February 4. The literacy rate was 92.3 percent (2004), 94.8 percent male and 90 percent female. Currency of Sri Lankan  call Sri Lanka Rupee.


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