General Information of India


India is a major Asian country. The history of thousands of years. India is a source of ancient and prosperous civilization as the ancient times. India or the official name is call Republic of India located in South Asia. It is the most part of the Indian subcontinent. Second most populous country in the world. It is the most populous country in the world.

With more than one billion people. There are approximately eight hundred languages ​​spoken. The Indian economy is the fourth largest in the world. The territory to the north, next to China, Nepal and Bhutan in the northwest adjacent to Pakistan. Northeastern Burma South-east and south-west to Indian Ocean. East of Bangladesh.

When talking about India Not only the countries in the eastern hemisphere, but all over the world. Even countries in the western hemisphere. They know this land well. As can be seen from the story of Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.) of Macedonia. Once upon a time, he had entered the army. The aim is to take over India. According to the presumption of archaeologists. Most commented that. Northern India has been in contact with the Mesopotamian civilization in the Tai River Basin. Gris and Euphrates.

India brief history
India has a long history of about 1,500 BC. The Dravidian and Aryan settled in India. It has created the civilization of Hindu civilization that has the continuity. Up to this day, such as Hindu, Sanskrit and Cyrillic, Aryan or Hinduism flourished until around the 12th century, but there is a period in which Buddhist civilization flourished in India, dating back to the 3rd century BC, during the reign of Ashoka the Great.

Later, the Israeli civilization The spread of Indian influence has grown in India since the 8th century. And the Arab Empire sent an army to attack Sind. (Now in Pakistan), the great empire of that time is the Mughal Empire (16th-18th centuries), a period of widespread influence of Mughal culture. In terms of rule, language, art, architecture and Islam, however.

In the days of God Aurangzeb, who is an Islamic pagan. The law has caused conflicts between Hindu and Muslims. And that is why the Indians resisted the power of the empire. At the end of the power of God Aurangzeb In the year 2507, the Mughal Empire gradually Split and degenerate A chance for England to come to power. And England became influential in the subcontinent from the 17th century to trade with the occupying of territories and intervening in local politics. Until India fell under British rule.
In 1877, the Queen Victoria of England served as the Emperor. Of India After a long campaign against British rule Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, India gained independence and became a member of the Commonwealth. On 15 August 1947, there was also the British monarchy. And he appointed the governor as governor. Later on January 26, 1950, the founding of the Republic of India. The president is the head of state. And Mr. Jawahal Nehruu is India’s first prime minister.

Capital of India is New Delhi. Mumbai is a major commercial, financial and transportation hub. Bangalore is the hub of the high tech industry. Especially in information technology. Chennai Aerospace Electronics is a business hub in southern India. The main industry is the automobile industry. Calcutta is the old capital of India. And the second largest city.

India has three seasons as:

  • Summer is between April and June, the maximum temperature is around 35 degrees Celsius.
  • The rainy season is between July and September with an average of about 28 degrees Celsius.
  • During the winter months, October to March, the average temperature is around 10-17 degrees Celsius, with the minimum temperature around-3 degrees Celsius.

Hindi is the language used by most people. English is the language used in government and business. There are also hundreds of local languages. But the most commonly used are 14 languages: Urdu, Telugu, Bengali, Bengali, Tamil and Punjabi.

 

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