Azerbaycan or official name Republic of Azerbaijan (Republic of Azerbaijan) is a country in the Caucasus The area that is the connection point of Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia With the eastern boundary to the Caspian Sea North contact with the Russian Federation Northeast contact with Georgia Western contact with Armenia And south, contact with Iran Azerbaijan used to be part of the Soviet Union.
Nakee Chewan Autonomous Republic (Azerbaijan separate land) has a border with Armenia to the north and east. Contact with Iran in the south and west And contact with Turkey in the northwest In the Nagorno-Karabak area in the southwest of the country Declared independence from Azerbaijan in 1991, but was not recognized by the international community.
Historians believe that the Azerbaijani people descended from Seljuk Turks and ancient Persians. And assumed that the current country name is from the ancient Persian language which means “Land of Fire” because this region has abundant oil resources and is centered Of Zoroastrianism, an ancient group that worshiped the fire
The land of Azerbaijan has been occupied by the Turks since the 7th century and therefore has been transferred to Muslim culture, religion and language by such groups over many centuries. It was later taken over by the Mongol people from the 13th-15th centuries and Persian (Iran) in the 16th century, resulting in Azerbaijan taking the Shiite sect as a national sect. After that, Azerbaijan fell. Under the possession of many peoples, such as Russia, Persia and Ottoman, for the land that is located in the area that is connected to the bridge Between Europe and Central Asia Including adjacent to the Caspian Sea, an area with abundant oil In which Russia finally signed the Treaty of Turkmenchay and Persia in 1828 to divide the territory of Azerbaijan from the Persian empire. And has used to start exploring and utilizing oil resources in Azerbaijan since then, which has caused economic growth in the area during the First World War.
Azerbaijan first declared independence in May 1918 after the Russian Empire collapsed one year later, but in the 1920s Bolshevik’s Red Army invaded and triumphed over Azer. Bias and other lands In the section called Transcaucasia (including Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan) resulted in 1922 Azerbaijan being annexed to the Soviet Union as part of Transcaucasia Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (SFSR) together with Georgia and Armenia And became a republic in the Soviet Union (Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic) when Transcaucasia SFSR collapsed in 1936. After that since the 1980s, Azerbaijan experienced domestic turmoil. Including a violent battle against the Soviet Union Which resulted in the Azerbaijani people who demanded independence in Baku, dying in 190 people in 1990 and later when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Azerbaijan The plate declared independence.
The capital city of Baku, and an important port city, a population of 1.8 million people. In addition, there is Sumgayit, a port city on the shores of the Caspian Sea. And is the second most important industrial center after Baku and Ganca, the western industrial city. Climate, weather Winter in the Caucasus Mountains in the north of Azerbaijan The Kura plain area is cool. And has a tropical climate in the southeastern Lenkoran lowlands of the Caspian coast (about 27 degrees Celsius in July and 1 degree Celsius in January).
Official language of the Azeri language And some Russian and Armenian languages And use English only in some capital cities and major cities. Islam, 93.4 percent, Russian Orthodox Christians, 2.5 percent, Armenian Orthodox Christians, 2.3 percent, others 1.8 percent.
Manat currency unit
Exchange rate 0.794 Manat = 1 USD (2016)
Note – Since January 1, 2006, the new exchange rate has been set to allow the new 1 Manat to be equal to 5,000 Manat.
Republican democratic regime The constitution was approved by the public on November 12, 1995.