Greece or has an official country name that The Hellenic Republic is a country located in the southeastern part of Europe. At the southern end of the Balkans With borders on the north, bordering Bulgaria, Macedonia and Albania, bordered on the east by Turkey Next to the Aegean Sea on the east side Adjacent to the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea on the west and south Greece is considered a great western civilization. And has a long history Which Greece has spread its influence to 3 continents.
The Greeks call themselves the Hellas, which the Greek language currently pronounced as Ellas. In general speaking, the word Ellada is often used to call themselves Hellenes, even in English. Which the English word “Greece” comes from the Latin name Graecia, meaning the area north of Greece today. Which has a group of people called Graikos.
Greece consists of the mainland in the south to the Balkans and more than 3,000 islands, including Crete (Vrete), Rhode Island (Chios), Chios, Lesbos, UB Island. Ah (Euboea) and Dodecanese and Cycladic islands in the Aegean Sea Like the Greeks on the Ionian Islands Greece has a coastline of 15,000 kilometers and a length of 1,160 kilometers.
Around 80% of Greece consists of mountains and hills, thus making Greece one of the most mountainous countries in Europe. Western Greece is a lagoon and a damp area. Is a mountain in the middle, which has a height of 2,636 meters. Pindas Mountain may be extended from the Dinarid Mountains. Continuous mountain range Became the Peloponnese Cape, the island of Kyira (Kythera) and the Antikitira Island (Antikythera) found at the tip of the Greek island. Central and western Greece Is steep With high peaks separated Is a deep valley And there are streams between the valleys such as the Strait of Meteora and Vikos, the second largest after the Grand Canyon in the United States
Olympus Peak is Greece’s highest point, 2,919 meters above sea level. In the north, there are other high mountains like Rhodope located in the east of Macedonia and Thrace. This area is covered by A large, old dense forest like Dadia that is known
The East of Greece is filled with many fields. Is in the middle of Macedonia and Thrace Volos and Larissa are 2 big cities of eastern Greece.
Greece’s weather is divided into 3 parts: the Mediterranean Sea. Alpine and Temperate, the first rainy terrain in winter Drought in the summer Temperature is not high However, there was some snow in Athens. Sicilian Islands Or Crete, with cold weather The Alps formed from the west of Greece. The final weather conditions formed from the central and eastern Macedonia trails. Northern Xanthi and Evros traces the cold and dry winters in the summer. Is a very valuable thing for Athens Located between Mediterranean climate With the Alps Therefore the southern suburbs have a Mediterranean climate While in the north there are weather conditions Alps
The sea around Greece has seals, sea turtles and rare marine life. While the forests of Greece Is the last house of Western Europe With brown bears, wild cats, deer, wild sheep, foxes and wild boars. Greece Located in southern Europe In the south of the Balkans And east of the Mediterranean Sea North to Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, east to Turkey And the Aegean Sea South to the Mediterranean Sea West to the Ionian Sea.